What to do if a Neighbor's Tree Falls on Your Fence

Dealing with a neighbor's tree crashing down on your property can be an unexpected and frustrating ordeal. Here are some practical solutions for handling the aftermath.
Veda Yalamanchili
Veda Yalamanchili
Last Update:
January 24, 2024

If you have ever experienced a neighbor's tree falling on your fence, you know how frustrating and stressful it can be. Not only do you have to deal with the damage to your property, but you also have to deal with the legal and financial implications of who is responsible for the fallen tree and the fence. You may wonder who is responsible for the tree removal and the repair costs, and whether your homeowner’s insurance or your neighbor's insurance will cover them. In this blog post, we will explain some of the factors that determine the liability and the insurance coverage for this type of incident. Read on to get your fence back to looking great

The General Rule: The Owner of the Tree is Liable

The general rule in most states is that the owner of the tree is liable for any damage caused by the tree, regardless of where it falls. This means that if the tree is on your neighbor’s property, they are the owners of that tree. And if this neighbor's tree falls on your fence, they are responsible for removing the tree and paying for the damage. However, if the tree belongs to you or is on a shared property line, or if it falls due to natural causes or unforeseeable events, you may be liable for the damage and the removal of the tree. Also, there are some exceptions and nuances to this rule, depending on the causes of tree falling.

Act of God or Act of Nature

One of the most common exceptions to the general rule is the act of god or act of nature defense. This means that if the tree falls due to a natural event that is beyond human control, such as a windstorm, lightning, earthquake, or flood, the owner of the tree is not liable for the storm damage or similar. In this case, each property owner has to deal with their own damage and file a claim with their own insurance company. However, if the tree was dead, diseased, or decayed, and it fell due to negligence or lack of care, then the owner of the tree is liable. This is because a dead tree or dying tree poses a foreseeable risk of falling and causing damage, and the owner of the tree has a duty to remove it or prevent it from falling.

Steps to Follow when a neighbor’s tree falls on your property

1. Assess the Damage and Document the Evidence

The first thing you need to do is to inspect the fence and the tree for damage. You want to determine how severe the property damage is, and whether it affects the structural integrity of the fence or poses a safety hazard. You also want to check if the tree is still alive or dead, and if it has any signs of disease or decay. Next, you need to document the evidence of the damage. This will help you support your claim with the homeowners’ insurance policy. Contact your insurance company at this stage, and file a claim. Depending on your policy and the circumstances of the incident, you may be covered for some or all of the repair costs.

2. Communicate with Your Neighbor and Negotiate a Solution

The second thing you need to do is to communicate with your neighbor and negotiate a solution. This can be tricky, as you may have different opinions on who is liable for the damage and how to fix it. You should approach your neighbor in a polite and respectful manner, and explain what happened and how you feel about it. You should try to be flexible and reasonable, but also stand up for your rights and interests.

If you cannot reach an agreement with your neighbor, or if they refuse to cooperate or communicate with you, you may have to involve a third party. This could be a mediator, who can help you find a fair and peaceful solution, or a lawyer, who specializes in real estate or property law. This lawyer should be able to give you legal advice and represent you in court if necessary.

3. Repair or Replace Your Fence and Remove the Tree

The third thing you need to do is to repair or replace your fence and remove the tree. This can be a daunting task, especially if you have to do it yourself or hire someone else to do it for you.

You should also consider how to dispose of the tree or use it for other purposes. If it is a healthy tree, you may want to replant it somewhere else on your property or donate it to a local nursery or park. If the tree is dead, you may want to use the tree branches for firewood or mulch, sell it, or give it away to someone who can use it.

How to Deal with Your Insurance Company

If you have homeowners insurance, you may be able to file a claim for the damage caused by your neighbor's tree falling on your fence. However, you should be aware that your insurance policy may have some limitations and exclusions that affect your coverage. For example:

- Your insurance policy may have a deductible that you have to pay out of pocket before your insurance company pays for the rest of the damage.

- Your insurance policy may have a limit on how much it will pay for tree removal or landscaping costs.

- Your insurance policy may not cover damage caused by an act of god or act of nature unless you have a specific endorsement or rider for that type of event.

- Your insurance policy may not cover damage caused by a dead tree or dying tree unless you can prove that your neighbor was negligent or at fault for not removing it.

If you file a claim with your own insurance agent, they may try to recover their costs from your neighbor's insurance company through a process called subrogation. This means that they will sue your neighbor's insurance company on your behalf and try to get them to pay for the damage. However, this process can take time and there is no guarantee that they will succeed.


Dealing with a neighbor's tree falling on your fence can be a hassle, but it doesn't have to ruin your relationship with your neighbor or break your bank account. By following these steps, you can assess the damage, document the evidence, communicate with your neighbor, negotiate a solution, repair or replace your fence, and remove the tree in an efficient and effective way.

We hope this blog post has helped you understand how to deal with this situation better. If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to share them below. We would love to hear from you!


How much does it cost to remove a tree?

The cost to remove a tree depends on several factors, such as the size, species, and condition of the tree, the accessibility and terrain of the site, and the labor and equipment required. The average cost to remove a tree in 2023 is around $1,000, but it can range from $150 to $2,000 or more depending on your specific situation. To get an accurate estimate of how much it will cost to remove your tree, you should get quotes from multiple tree removal services.

How can I prevent a tree in my yard from falling?

The best way to prevent a tree from falling is to maintain it properly and regularly. You should inspect your tree for any signs of disease, decay, damage, or weakness, such as cracks, holes, fungi, insects, or dead branches. Prune your tree to remove any dead, diseased, or overgrown tree branches that may pose a risk of falling. You should also water and fertilize your tree as needed to keep it healthy and strong. Avoid planting trees too close to your fence or power lines, or choose trees that are suitable for your climate and soil conditions. If you are unsure about how to care for your tree or if you notice any problems with it, you should consult with a certified arborist.

What are some benefits of having trees on my property?

Trees can provide many benefits for your property and your well-being. Some of these benefits include:

- Enhancing the beauty and value of your property

- Providing shade and cooling for your home and yard

- Reducing noise and air pollution

- Improving soil quality and preventing erosion

- Attracting wildlife and biodiversity

- Producing oxygen and absorbing carbon dioxide

- Offering fruits, nuts, flowers, or wood

- Creating privacy and security

- Boosting your mood and mental health

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