The Sod Calculator is a handy tool that helps you determine the amount
of sod you need to cover your lawn. It calculates the number of rolls or
pallets of sod required, the total area in square feet and acres, the
total cost, and the cost per square foot. As a certified contractor, we
utilize a calculator that mirrors our field methods for determining
quantities. Recognizing the notable disparity between wholesale and
retail costs, we provide data and pricing for both scenarios.
Additionally, we offer links to retailer websites featuring the prices
of the materials we commonly purchase.
Calculating the Number of Rolls
The first step in the calculation is to determine the number of rolls of
sod needed. Each roll of sod covers an area of 10 square feet. To find
out how many rolls you need, the total area of your lawn in square feet
is divided by 10. If the total area is not a multiple of 10, the number
of rolls is rounded up to the nearest whole number. This is because you
can't purchase a fraction of a roll.
Total Area (in square feet) ÷ 10 = Number of Rolls
For example, if your lawn is 500 square feet, you would need 50 rolls of
Calculating the Number of Pallets
Next, the calculator determines the number of pallets of sod needed.
Each pallet covers an area of 450 square feet. The total area of your
lawn in square feet is divided by 450 to find out how many pallets you
need. The result is rounded to two decimal places.
Total Area (in square feet) ÷ 450 = Number of Pallets
For instance, if your lawn is 500 square feet, you would need
approximately 1.11 pallets of sod.
Calculating the Total Area in Acres
The calculator also converts the total area of your lawn from square
feet to acres. There are 43,560 square feet in an acre. The total area
in square feet is divided by 43,560 to get the area in acres. The result
is rounded to three decimal places.
Total Area (in square feet) ÷ 43,560 = Total Area (in acres)
For example, a 500 square foot lawn is approximately 0.011 acres.
Calculating the Total Cost
The total cost is calculated by multiplying the number of rolls needed
by the price per roll. The result is rounded to the nearest dollar.
Number of Rolls x Price per Roll = Total Cost
For instance, if you need 50 rolls of sod and each roll costs $5, the
total cost would be $250.
Calculating the Cost per Square Foot
Finally, the calculator determines the cost per square foot. This is
done by dividing the total cost by the total area in square feet.
Total Cost ÷ Total Area (in square feet) = Cost per Square
For example, if the total cost is $250 and the total area is 500 square
feet, the cost per square foot would be $0.50.
What types of sod are best for different climates and soil conditions?
When it comes to choosing the best sod for different climates and soil
conditions, it's important to consider a few factors. Here are some
1. Cool-Season Grasses:
Cool-season grasses thrive in regions with cold winters and moderate
summers. They are best suited for climates with temperatures ranging
from 60°F to 75°F. Some popular cool-season grasses include:
2. Warm-Season Grasses:
Warm-season grasses are ideal for regions with hot summers and mild
winters. They perform best in temperatures ranging from 80°F to 95°F.
Some popular warm-season grasses include:
St. Augustine Grass
3. Drought-Tolerant Grasses:
If you live in an area with limited water availability, choosing
drought-tolerant grasses is essential. These grasses have deep root
systems and can withstand dry conditions. Some drought-tolerant
4. Shade-Tolerant Grasses:
If your lawn receives limited sunlight, selecting shade-tolerant
grasses is crucial. These grasses can thrive in areas with partial
shade or full shade. Some shade-tolerant grasses include:
Creeping Red Fescue
Remember, it's always best to consult with local experts or turf
specialists to determine the most suitable sod for your specific
climate and soil conditions.
How do you properly install and maintain sod?
How to Properly Install and Maintain Sod
Installing and maintaining sod requires a few steps to ensure a
healthy and beautiful lawn. Here's a guide to help you:
Prepare the soil: Start by removing any existing
grass, weeds, and debris from the area where you plan to install the
sod. Loosen the soil using a rake or tiller and remove any large
rocks or roots.
Level the ground: Use a rake or roller to level the
soil surface. This will help prevent uneven areas in your lawn.
Measure and order sod: Measure the area to
determine how much sod you need. Order fresh sod from a reputable
Water the soil: Before laying the sod, thoroughly
water the soil to ensure it is moist but not saturated.
Lay the sod: Start laying the sod along a straight
edge, such as a sidewalk or driveway. Stagger the seams and tightly
fit the pieces together. Use a sharp knife to trim the sod as
Water the sod: Immediately after laying the sod,
water it thoroughly. Keep the sod consistently moist for the first
few weeks to promote root establishment.
Mow and maintain: Once the sod has rooted, you can
start mowing it. Set your mower to a high setting and avoid cutting
more than one-third of the grass height at a time. Regularly water,
fertilize, and aerate your sod to keep it healthy.
By following these steps, you can successfully install and maintain
sod for a lush and vibrant lawn.
What is the cost of sod per square foot and does it vary based on the
type of sod?
The cost of sod per square foot can vary depending on the type of sod
you choose. On average, the cost ranges from $0.30 to $0.80 per square
foot. However, premium sod varieties can cost up to $1.50 per square
How long does it take for sod to fully establish after installation?
It typically takes about 2-3 weeks for sod to fully establish after
installation. During this time, it is important to provide proper care
and maintenance to ensure its successful growth. This includes regular
watering, mowing, and avoiding heavy foot traffic on the newly
installed sod. By following these guidelines, you can help the sod
establish a strong root system and achieve a healthy, lush lawn.
Can sod be installed at any time of the year or is there a specific
season that's best?
Sod can be installed at any time of the year, but there are specific
seasons that are considered best for optimal results.
For cool-season grasses like Kentucky bluegrass and tall fescue, the
best time to install sod is during the early fall or spring when the
temperatures are cooler and there is ample rainfall. This allows the
sod to establish strong roots before the extreme heat of summer or the
freezing temperatures of winter.
For warm-season grasses like Bermuda grass and zoysia grass, the best
time to install sod is during late spring or early summer when the
soil temperatures are consistently above 60°F (15°C). These grasses
thrive in warmer conditions and need the summer heat to establish
Regardless of the season, it's important to properly prepare the soil,
provide adequate water, and follow the recommended care instructions
to ensure successful sod installation.
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