Brick and Mortar Calculator

Calculate how many bricks and bags of mortar you need to build a brick wall. Choose from a large variety of brick types.
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Width and Height

Draw The Lines Where The Brick Wall Would Stand On

Wall Dimensions

Building Materials

Wall Dimensions

Building Materials


The Brick Calculator is a tool that helps you estimate the number of bricks, bags of mortar, and the cost needed to build a brick wall. The calculator takes into account the dimensions of the wall you want to build, the size of the bricks, and the cost of the bricks and mortar.

Calculating the Number of Bricks

The first step in the calculation is to determine the number of bricks needed. This is done by calculating the area of one brick including the mortar, and then dividing the total surface area of the wall by this value. The formula used is:

Number of Bricks = Wall Surface Area ÷ (Brick Length + Mortar Thickness) * (Brick Height + Mortar Thickness)

For example, if you have a wall surface area of 100 square feet, a brick length of 7.5 inches, a brick height of 3.5 inches, and a mortar thickness of 0.375 inches, the number of bricks needed would be approximately 512.

Calculating the Weight of the Bricks

Next, the calculator estimates the weight of the bricks. This is done by first calculating the volume of one brick and then multiplying it by the density of the brick material. The formula used is:

Weight of Bricks = Number of Bricks * (Brick Volume * Brick Density)

The brick volume is calculated as the product of the brick's length, height, and width. The density of the brick material is typically between 100 and 120 pounds per cubic foot.

Calculating the Amount of Mortar

The calculator then determines the amount of mortar needed. This is done by subtracting the total volume of the bricks from the total volume of the wall (including the mortar), and then dividing this value by the volume produced by one bag of mortar. The formula used is:

Bags of Mortar = (Total Wall Volume - Total Brick Volume) ÷ Volume per Bag of Mortar

Calculating the Cost

The calculator also estimates the cost of the bricks and the mortar. This is done by multiplying the number of bricks and bags of mortar by their respective prices. The formula used is:

Cost of Bricks = Number of Bricks * Price per Brick

Cost of Mortar = Bags of Mortar * Price per Bag

The total cost is then the sum of the cost of the bricks and the cost of the mortar.

Calculating the Total Weight

Finally, the calculator estimates the total weight of the bricks and the mortar. This is done by adding the weight of the bricks and the weight of the mortar. The formula used is:

Total Weight = Weight of Bricks + Weight of Mortar

Remember, these calculations are estimates and the actual quantities and costs may vary based on factors such as the exact size of the bricks and the thickness of the mortar.

What are the different types of bricks and their uses?

Types of Bricks and Their Uses

Bricks are commonly used in construction for various purposes. Here are some different types of bricks and their uses:

How are bricks made and what materials are used in their production?

Bricks are made through a process called brick manufacturing. The main materials used in their production are clay, water, and various additives.

The process begins with the collection of clay, which is then mixed with water to form a clay paste. This paste is then shaped into brick molds, which can be of different sizes and shapes depending on the desired final product.

After molding, the bricks are left to dry in the open air or in drying chambers. This allows the excess moisture to evaporate, making the bricks stronger and more durable.

Once dried, the bricks are fired in a kiln at high temperatures. This firing process hardens the clay and gives the bricks their characteristic strength and durability.

Some additives may be used during the manufacturing process to enhance certain properties of the bricks. For example, sand or sawdust can be added to the clay mixture to improve its workability, while lime or cement can be added to increase the bricks' strength.

How long does it take for bricks to fully cure and be ready for use?

The time it takes for bricks to fully cure and be ready for use can vary depending on several factors such as the type of brick, weather conditions, and the specific curing process used. Generally, it can take anywhere from 7 to 28 days for bricks to fully cure.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of using bricks in construction?

Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Bricks in Construction

Bricks have been used as a construction material for centuries and offer several advantages and disadvantages. Here are some key points to consider:



How does the cost of brick construction compare to other building materials?

The cost of brick construction can vary depending on various factors such as location, quality of bricks, labor costs, and design complexity. In general, brick construction tends to be more expensive compared to other building materials such as wood or concrete.

Bricks themselves can be costly, especially if high-quality or specialized bricks are used. Additionally, the labor costs for brick construction can be higher due to the skill and time required to lay bricks properly.

However, it is important to note that brick construction offers several advantages that may justify the higher cost. Bricks are durable, fire-resistant, and provide good insulation. They also have an aesthetic appeal and can enhance the value of a property.

When considering the cost of brick construction, it is essential to compare it with other factors such as longevity, maintenance requirements, and overall benefits. Ultimately, the choice of building material should be based on the specific needs and budget of the project.

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